Elder – Sambucus Nigra

Sambucus nigra is a species complex of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae native to most of Europe and North America Common names include elder, elderberry, black elder, European elder, European elderberry and European black elderberry. It grows in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry fertile soils, primarily in sunny locations.It is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 6 m (20 ft) tall and wide,rarely 10 m (33 ft) tall). The bark, light grey when young, changes to a coarse grey outer bark with lengthwise furrowing. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, 10–30 cm long, pinnate with five to seven (rarely nine) leaflets, the leaflets 5–12 cm long and 3–5 cm broad, with a serrated margin.